The main issue in childhood is the development of a refractive error such as short-sightedness (myopia), long-sightedness (hyperopia) and astigmatism. This can be corrected by prescribing glasses.
Childhood eye issues can include injuries/trauma and foreign bodies
in the eye, which need immediate treatment. It's not unusual for children to suffer from conjunctivitis, which requires a visit to a GP. Ptosis is another possible childhood disorder. Though rare, a person can be born with cataracts or glaucoma, both of which require immediate treatment.
It's not unusual for a child to need glasses to correct their vision from an early age – in fact, short-sightedness (myopia) is extremely common. Many teenagers will transition to contact lenses – if they are worn correctly they should cause few problems.
Laser eye surgery isn't recommended until vision has stabilised. This may happen as early as 18 or as late as the mid-twenties. Your prescription will need to have been stable for at least a year before you can proceed to laser vision correction. More.
Also known as ‘lazy eye’, this may be obvious at birth, but usually becomes obvious before the age of four. Eyes that aren't aligned properly will cause vision issues, so prompt treatment is recommended. Learn more about strabismus.
Children are naturally adventurous and so accidents aren't unusual. Other than the odd black eye and the possibility of needing glasses, most childhood eye diseases and disorders are treatable.